1888 Family of Alexander III
Back row (left to right), her siblings and mother: Grand Duke Michael, Empress Marie, Grand Duke Nicholas (later Nicholas II), Grand Duchess Xenia and Grand Duke George.
Centre: Grand Duchess Olga and Alexander III
Maria Fyodorovna with her sister-in-law Olga Konstantinovna, Queen of Greece
Three versions of Frayeur (or “Fright”), photographed by Pierre Louis Pierson, c. 1860.
These photographs depict the Comtesse de Castiglione, an Italian noblewoman who became notorious figure in 1860s Paris, posing for a scene in which she flees from a fire in a ballroom. They not only show a desire to colorize photographs as early as the 1860s, but also illustrate the active role the Countess played in her collaborations with Pierre-Louis Pierson. Coloration in early photography was also a simple way to alter the appearance of the model, and the Countess’s features and expression are considerable softened in the final photograph.
The first image is an albumen print from the glass negative taken by Pierre-Louis Pierson. The second is a salted paper print with color added by the Countess herself, and it even includes handwritten instructions for the rest of the coloration on the back. The third, another salted paper print, was colored by a professional artist.
Princess Beatrice, daughter of Queen Victoria
By Robert Milne
Printing-out paper print on card mount, 1890s
Search the annals of military history and you will discover no end of quirky characters and surprising true stories: The topless dancer who saved the Byzantine Empire. The World War I battle that was halted so a soccer game could be played. The scientist who invented a pigeon-guided missile in 1943. And don’t forget the elderly pig whose death triggered an international crisis between the United States and Great Britain.
This is the kind of history you’ll find in The Greatest War Stories Never Told. One hundred fascinating stories drawn from two thousand years of military history, accompanied by a wealth of photographs, maps, drawings, and documents that help bring each story to life.
Contemporary Art Week!
The Daughter of Dawn, an 80-minute feature film, was shot in July of 1920 in the Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge near Lawton, southwest Oklahoma. It was unique in the annals of silent film (or talkies, for that matter) for having a cast of 300 Comanches and Kiowas who brought their own clothes, horses, tipis, everyday props and who told their story without a single reference to the United States Cavalry. It was a love story, a four-person star-crossed romance that ends with the two main characters together happily ever after. There are two buffalo hunt sequences with actual herds of buffalo being chased down by hunters on bareback just as they had done on the Plains 50 years earlier.
The male lead was played by White Parker; another featured female role was played by Wanada Parker. They were the son and daughter of the powerful Comanche chief Quanah Parker, the last of the free Plains Quahadi Comanche warriors. He never lost a battle to United States forces, but, his people sick and starving, he surrendered at Fort Sill in 1875. Quanah was the son of Comanche chief Peta Nocona and Cynthia Ann Parker, the daughter of Euro-American settlers who had grown up in the tribe after she was kidnapped as a child by the Comanches who killed her parents. She was the model for Stands With a Fist in Dances with Wolves.
You can watch the first ten minutes of the film here. It is over 90 years old, and was produced by, directed by, and stars Native American people.